Tramadol Hydrochloride and Paracetamol Tablets 37.5mg/325mg
Tramadol Hydrochloride and Paracetamol Tablets 37.5mg/325mg
Package leaflet: Information for the patient
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet:
- What Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol is and what it is used for
- What you need to know before you take Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol
- How to take Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol
- Possible side effects
- How to store Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol
- Contents of the pack and other information
1 WHAT TRAMADOL HYDROCHLORIDE/PARACETAMOL IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Tramadol Hydrochloride 37.5mg and Paracetamol 325mg film-coated Tablet is used to treat moderate to severe pain when your doctor recommends that a combination of tramadol hydrochloride and Paracetamol is needed.
2 WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE YOU TAKE TRAMADOL HYDROCHLORIDE/PARACETAMOL
Do not take Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol:
- if you are allergic to tramadol hydrochloride, Paracetamol or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6)
- in cases of acute alcohol poisoning
- if you are taking sleeping pills, pain relievers or medicines that affect mood and emotions
- if you are also taking medicines called monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) or have taken MAOIs in the last 14 days before treatment with Tramadol hydrochloride + Paracetamol. MAOIs are used in the treatment of depression or Parkinson?s disease.
- if you have a severe liver disorder
- if you have epilepsy that is not adequately controlled by your current medicine.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol
if you take other medicines containing paracetamol or tramadol
- if you have liver problems or disease as your eyes and skin may turn yellow, which may suggest jaundice
- if you have kidney problems
- if you have severe difficulties in breathing, for example, asthma or severe lung problems
- if you have epilepsy or have already experienced fits or seizures
- if you have recently suffered from a head injury, shock or severe headaches associated with vomiting (being sick)
- if you are dependent on any medicine (for example morphine)
- if you take other medicines to treat pain that contain buprenorphine, nalbuphine or pentazocine
- if you are going to have an anaesthetic (tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol)
Tramadol is transformed in the liver by an enzyme. Some people have a variation of this enzyme and this can affect people in different ways. In some people, they may not get enough pain relief but other people are more likely to get serious side effects. If you notice any of the following side effects, you must stop taking this medicine and seek immediate medical advice: slow or shallow breathing, confusion, sleepiness, small pupils, feeling or being sick, constipation, lack of appetite.
If any of the above-mentioned points applied to you in the past or applies to you while you are taking Tramadol hydrochloride + Paracetamol, please make sure your doctor knows. He/she can then decide whether you should continue to use this medicine.
Children and adolescents
Use in children with breathing problems
Tramadol is not recommended in children with breathing problems, since the symptoms of tramadol toxicity may be worse in these children.
Other medicines and Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines. Do not exceed the maximum daily doses of paracetamol or tramadol from this or other medicines.
Do not take Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol with MAOIs (see section ?Do not take Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol?).
Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol is not recommended to be taken with the following:
- carbamazepine (a medicine used to treat epilepsy or some types of pain)
- buprenorphine, nalbuphine or pentazocine (opioid-type pain relievers).
The risk of side effects increases:
- if you are taking triptans (used for migraine) or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs, used for depression). Check with your doctor if you experience confusion, restlessness, fever, sweating, uncoordinated movement of limbs or eyes, uncontrollable jerking of muscles or diarrhoea.
- if you are taking tranquillizers, sleeping pills, other pain relievers such as morphine and codeine (also as cough medicine), baclofen (a muscle relaxant), medicines used to lower blood pressure, or medicines to treat allergies. Check with your doctor if you feel drowsy or feel faint.
- if you are taking medicines which may cause convulsions (fits), such as certain antidepressants or antipsychotics. The risk of having a fit may increase if you take Tramadol Hydrochloride 37.5mg and Paracetamol 325mg film-coated Tablets at the same time. Your doctor will tell you whether Tramadol Hydrochloride 37.5mg and Paracetamol 325mg film-coated Tablets is suitable for you.
- if you are taking certain antidepressants. Tramadol Hydrochloride 37.5 mg and Paracetamol 325 mg film-coated Tablets may interact with these medicines and you may experience symptoms such as involuntary, rhythmic contractions of muscles, including the muscles that control movement of the eye, agitation, excessive sweating, tremor, exaggeration of reflexes, increased muscle tension, body temperature above 38 ?C.
- if you are taking warfarin or phenprocoumon (for blood thinning). The effectiveness of such medicines may be altered and bleeding may occur (see section 4).
The effectiveness of Tramadol Hydrochloride 37.5mg and Paracetamol 325mg film-coated Tablets may be altered if you also take :
- metoclopramide, domperidone or ondansetron (medicines used to treat nausea and vomiting/being sick)
- cholestyramine (a medicine used to reduce cholesterol in the blood)
Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol with food, drink and alcohol.
Do not drink alcohol while you are taking Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol 37.5mg/325mg film-coated tablets, as you may feel drowsier.
Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.
Tramadol is excreted into breast milk. For this reason, you should not take Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol more than once during breast-feeding, or alternatively, if you take Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamolmore than once, you should stop breast-feeding.
Based on human experience tramadol is suggested not to influence female or male fertility. No data on the influence of the combination of tramadol and paracetamol on fertility are available.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.
Driving and using machines
If you feel drowsy while taking Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol 37.5mg/325mg film-coated tablets, do not drive, use tools or use machinery.
The medicine can affect your ability to drive as it may make you sleepy or dizzy.
- Do not drive while taking this medicine until you know how it affects you.
- It is an offence to drive if this medicine affects your ability to drive.
you would not be committing an offence if:
- The medicine has been prescribed to treat a medical or dental problem and
- You have taken it according to the instructions given by the prescriber or in the information provided with the medicine and
- It was not affecting your ability to drive safely
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure whether it is safe for you to drive while taking this medicine.
3 HOW TO TAKE TRAMADOL HYDROCHLORIDE/PARACETAMOL
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
The dosage should be adjusted to the intensity of your pain and your individual pain sensitivity. In general, the lowest pain-relieving dose should be taken.
Take Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol for as short a time as possible and no longer than your doctor has told you.
Adults and adolescents over 12 years:
The recommended starting dose unless otherwise prescribed by your doctor is 2 tablets for adults and adolescents over 12 years. If required, further doses may be taken, as instructed by your doctor.
The shortest time between doses must be at least 6 hours. Do not take more than 8 tablets per day.
Children under 12 years of age:
- not recommended.
In elderly patients (above 75 years) the excretion of tramadol may be delayed. If this applies to you, your doctor may recommend prolonging the dosage interval.
Severe liver or kidney disease (insufficiency)/dialysis patients:
Patients with severe liver and/or kidney insufficiency should not take Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol. If in your case the insufficiency is mild or moderate, your doctor may recommend prolonging the dosage interval.
Method of administration:
The tablets are for oral use.
Swallow the tablets whole with sufficient liquid. Do not break or chew the tablets.
If you think that the effect of Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol is too strong (you feel very drowsy or have difficulty breathing) or too weak (you do not have enough pain relief), contact your doctor.
If you take more Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol than you should
Talk to a doctor at once if you take too much of this medicine even if you feel well. This is because too much paracetamol can cause delayed, serious liver damage.
If you forget to take Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol
If you forget to take the tablets, pain is likely to return.
Do not take a double dose to make up for forgotten individual doses; simply continue taking the tablets as before.
If you stop taking Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol
You should not suddenly stop taking this medicine unless your doctor tells you to. If you want to stop taking your medicine, discuss this with your doctor first, particularly if you have been taking it for a long time. Your doctor will advise you when and how to stop, which may be by lowering the dose gradually to reduce the chance of developing unnecessary side effects (withdrawal symptoms).
- feel agitated, anxious, nervous or shaky
- be overactive
- have difficulty sleeping
- have stomach or bowel disorders.
Very few people may also get:
- panic attacks
- hallucinations, unusual perceptions such as itching, tingling and numbness
- ringing in the ears.
If you experience any of these complaints after stopping this medicine, please contact your doctor. Other side effect information is listed in section 4.
4 POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Some side effects could be serious. Contact your doctor immediately if any of the following occur:
- rarely cases of skin rash, indicating an allergic reaction, may develop with sudden swelling of the face and neck, difficulties breathing or drop of blood pressure and fainting. If this happens to you, stop treatment. Do not take the medicine again.
- prolonged or unexpected bleeding, from the use of Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol with medicines used to thin the blood (e.g. warfarin, phenprocoumon).
Additionally, if any of the following side effects get serious, contact your doctor or pharmacist:
Very common: may affect more than 1 in 10 people
- dizziness, drowsiness.
Common: may affect up to 1 in 10 people
- vomiting (being sick), digestion problems (constipation, flatulence, diarrhoea), stomach pain, dry mouth
- itching, sweating (hyperhidrosis)
- headache, shaking
- confusional state, sleep disorders, mood changes (anxiety, nervousness, feeling of high spirits).
Uncommon: may affect up to 1 in 100 people
- increase in pulse or blood pressure, heart rate or heart rhythm disorders
- skin reactions (for example rashes, hives)
- tingling, numbness or feeling of pins and needles in the limbs, ringing in the ears, involuntary muscle twitching
- depression, nightmares, hallucinations (hearing, seeing or sensing things that are not really there), memory lapses
- difficulty swallowing, blood in the stools
- shivering, hot flushes, pain in the chest
- difficulty breathing.
- increase in liver enzyme values
- presence of albumin in urine, difficulties or pain on passing urine
Rare: may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people
- fits, uncoordinated movements, transient loss of consciousness (syncope)
- drug dependence,
- vision blurred, constriction of the pupil (miosis)
- speech disorders
- excessive dilation of the pupils (mydriasis)
Unknown: frequency unknown:
- a decrease in blood sugar level (hypoglycaemia)
In addition, the following side effects have been reported by people using medicines that contain only tramadol or only paracetamol:
- feeling faint when getting up from a lying or sitting position, slow heart rate, fainting
- changes in appetite
- muscle weakness, slower or weaker breathing
- mood changes, changes in activity, changes in perception
- worsening of existing asthma
- nose bleeds or bleeding gums, which may result from a low blood platelet count.
- very rare cases of serious skin reactions have been reported with paracetamol.
- rare cases of respiratory depression have been reported with tramadol.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.
5 HOW TO STORE TRAMADOL HYDROCHLORIDE/PARACETAMOL
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the pack after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
6 CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND OTHER INFORMATION
What Tramadol Hydrochloride/Paracetamol contains
The active substances are tramadol hydrochloride and paracetamol.
One (1) tablet contains 37.5mg tramadol hydrochloride and 325mg paracetamol.
One (1) tablet contains 50mg tramadol hydrochloride and 325mg paracetamol.
The other ingredients are:
- Tablet core: Maize starch, Powdered cellulose, Sodium starch Glycolate (Type A), Starch, Pregelatinised, Magnesium Stearate.
- Film-coating: Hypromellose 6cP, Hypromellose 3cP, Titanium dioxide, Macrogol 400, Iron oxide yellow, Polysorbate 80.
Contents of the pack
Supplied in blister packs of 2, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 and 100 tablets.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
7. Manufactured in India By:
TAJ LIFE SCIENCES PVT. LTD.
Unit No. 214, Old Bake House,
Bake House Lane, Fort,
at: Ahmedabad- Gujarat, INDIA.
Ho.NO.+91 8448 444 095
Toll Free Phone: (1800-222-434 / 1800-222-825)