Patient Information Leaflet: Important information for User
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours.
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet:
- What Amlodipine tablets are and what they are used for
- What you need to know before you take Amlodipine tablets
- How to take Amlodipine tablets
- Possible side effects
- How to store Amlodipine tablets
- Contents of the pack and other information
1. What Amlodipine tablets are and what they are used for
Amlodipine tablets belongs to a group of medicines called calcium antagonists.
Amlodipine tablets are used to treat:
- high blood pressure (hypertension)
- chest pain due to narrowing of the blood vessels of the heart muscle (angina pectoris) or the more rare form of chest pain caused by cramping of the blood vessels of the heart muscle called Prinzmetal or variant angina.
If you suffer from high blood pressure, Amlodipine works by relaxing blood vessels, so that blood passes through them more easily.
If you suffer from angina, Amlodipine works by improving blood supply to the heart muscle which then receives more oxygen and as a result chest pain is prevented. Amlodipine does not provide immediate relief of chest pain from angina.
2.What you need to know before you take Amlodipine tablets
Do not take Amlodipine tablets, if you
- areallergic (hypersensitive) to amlodipine or any of the other ingredients of this medicine listed in section 6, or to any other calcium antagonists (the so-called dihydropyridinederivates like felodipine, nifedipine, nimodipine). This may be itching, reddening of the skin or difficulty in breathing.
- are suffering from cardiogenic shock. This is a condition where the heart is unable to pump sufficient blood around the body. The symptoms of cardiogenic shock are low blood pressure, low pulse and fast heartbeat.
are suffering from narrowing of the aortic heart valve (aortic stenosis) or cardiogenic shock (a condition where your heart is unable to supply enough blood to the body) or if you suffer from heart failure after a heart attack.
- suffer from chest pain at rest or with minimal effort (unstable angina pectoris).
- arepregnant or breast-feeding.
- havesevere low blood pressure (hypotension).
Warnings and precautions
Before taking Amlodipine tablets, tell your doctor if you
- haveheart failure or have suffered a heart attack during the past month.
- Heart failure
- Severe increase in blood pressure (Hypertensive crisis)
- have liver problems
- are giving this medicine to a child under 18 years of age
- areelderly, your doctor may monitor you closely.
Children and adolescents
Amlodipine has not been studied in children under the age of 6 years. Amlodipine should only be used for hypertension in children and adolescents from 6 years to 17 years of age (see section 3).
For more information, talk to your doctor.
Other medicines and Amlodipine tablets
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.
Some medicines (including medicines obtained without prescription, herbal medications or natural products) may interact with Amlodipine. This means that the action of both medicines can be changed.
In particular, tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines:
- Medicines that can lower blood pressure (e.g. verapamil, diltiazem)
- Ketoconazole anditraconazole(antifungal medicines used to treat skin and fungalinfections)
- HIV-protease-inhibitors (antiviral medicines used to treat HIV infections, e.g. ritonavir)
- Clarithromycin, erythromycin andtelithromycin, rifampicin,rifabutin(antibiotics)
- Nefazodone(medicine to treat depression)
- St. John?s wort(Hypericumperforatum; herbal medicine for depression)
- Dexamethasone (corticosteroid used to treat inflammatory and autoimmune conditionssuch as rheumatoid arthritis)
- verapamil, diltiazem (heart medicines)
- dantrolene (infusion for severe body temperature abnormalities)
- tacrolimus (medicine used to alter the way your immune system works)
- simvastatin (cholesterol lowering medicine)
- cyclosporine (an immunosuppressant)
- Phenobarbital, phenytoin andcarbamazepin(medicines for epilepsy)
- Ritonavir, Indinavir, Nelfinavir, Nevirapine(antiviral medicine used to treat HIV andAIDS)
- Sildenafil (medicine for impotence)
Amlodipine tablets may lower your blood pressure even more if you are already taking other medicines to treat your high blood pressure. Taking Amlodipine tablets with food and drink
Amlodipine tablets should be taken with a glass of liquid (e.g. a glass of water) with or without food.
Grapefruit juice and grapefruit should not be consumed by people who are taking Amlodipine tablets. This is because grapefruit and grapefruit juice can lead to an increase in the blood levels of the active ingredient Amlodipine, which can cause an unpredictable increase in the blood pressure lowering effect of Amlodipine.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
The safety of amlodipine in human pregnancy has not been established. If you think you might be pregnant, or are planning to get pregnant, you must tell your doctor before you take Amlodipine tablets.
Amlodipine has been shown to pass into breast milk in small amounts. If you are breast-feeding or about to start breast-feeding you must tell your doctor before taking Amlodipine tablets.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.
Driving and using machines
Amlodipine tablets may affect your ability to drive or use machines. If the tablets make you feel sick, dizzy or tired, or give you a headache, do not drive or use machines and contact your doctor immediately.
Such side effects are more likely to occur at the start of treatment or following an increase in dose. If you suffer from these effects, you should not drive or perform other activities that require you to be alert.
3. How to take Amlodipine tablets
Always take Amlodipine tablets exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Methods and routes of administration
This medicine can be used before or after food and drinks. You should take this medicine at the same time each day with a drink of water. Do not take Amlodipine with grapefruit juice.
The usual starting dose is 5 mg once daily. If necessary, your doctor may increase the dose to 10 mg once daily. Use in children and adolescents (6 -17 years old)
The recommended usual starting dose is 2.5 mg a day. The maximum recommended dose is 5 mg a day.
It is important to keep taking the tablets. Do not wait until your tablets are finished before seeing your doctor.
Amlodipine 2.5 mg is not currently available and the 2.5 mg dose cannot be obtained with Amlodipine tablets 5 mg and 10 mg as these tablets are not manufactured to break into two equal halves.
There is no special dosage for the elderly; however, care must be taken when the dose is increased.
If you have kidney problems
The normal dosage is recommended. Amlodipine cannot be removed from the blood by dialysis (artificial kidney). Amlodipine tablets should be administered with particular caution to patients undergoing dialysis.
If you have liver problems
Your doctor will decide if this medicine is suitable for you and the correct dose for you to take.
If you take more Amlodipine tablets than you should
If you or someone else has taken too much Amlodipine, contact your nearest hospital casualty department. Please carry with you the product leaflet or remaining tablets for better identification of the doctor. The person concerned should be made to lie down with their arms and legs up (resting on a couple of cushions, for example). Symptoms of an overdose are: extreme dizziness and/or feeling very light-headed, faint or weak, problems with breathing, having to urinate very often. If blood pressure drop is severe enough shock can occur. Your skin could feel cool and clammy and you could lose consciousness.
If you forget to take Amlodipine tablets
Do not worry. If you forget to take a tablet, leave out that dose completely. Take your next dose at the right time. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
If you stop taking Amlodipine tablets
Your doctor will advise you how long to take this medicine. Your condition may return if you stop using this medicine before you are advised.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
4.Possible side effects
Like all medicines, Amlodipine tablets can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Tell your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms after taking this medicine. Although they are very rare, the symptoms can be severe. Sudden wheeziness, chest pain, shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing Swelling of eyelids, face or lips
Swelling of the tongue and throat which causes great difficulty breathing
Severe skin reactions including intense skin rash, hives, reddening of the skin over your whole body, severe itching, blistering, peeling and swelling of the skin, inflammation of mucous membranes (Stevens Johnson Syndrome) toxic epidermal necrolysis or other allergic reactions
Heart attack, abnormal heart beat
Inflamed pancreas which may cause severe abdominal and back pain accompanied with feeling very unwell
The following very common side effect has been reported. If this causes you problems or if it
lasts for more than one week, you should contact your doctor.
Very common (may affect more than 1 in 10 people)
Oedema (fluid retention)
The following common side effects have been reported. If any of these cause you problems or if they last for more than one week, you should contact your doctor.
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
Headache, dizziness, sleepiness (especially at the beginning of treatment) Palpitations (awareness of your heart beat),flushing
Abdominal pain, feeling sick(nausea)
- Altered bowel habits, diarrhoea, constipation, indigestion,
- Tiredness, weakness
- Visual disturbances, double vision
- Muscle cramps
Other side effects that have been reported include the following list. If any of these get serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
Enlarged breasts or discomfort in men Sleep disorders, irritability, depression
Pain,feeling unwell, dry mouth, uncontrolled shaking, pins and needles, increased sweating
Problems with your eye-sight (visual disturbances) Mood changes, anxiety, depression, sleeplessness Trembling, taste abnormalities
Numbness or tingling sensation in your limbs, loss of pain sensation
Sneezing/running nose caused by inflammation of the lining of the nose (rhinitis)
Disorder in passing urine, increased need to urinate at night, increased number of times of passing urine
Ringing or buzzing in the ears
Fainting, increased heart rate, chest pain, aggravation of angina may occur at the beginning of the treatment
Low blood pressure, inflammation of the blood vessels
Breathing difficulties, inflammation of the nasal mucosa, cough
Dry mouth, vomiting (being sick), diarrhoea, constipation, swollen gums
Prickling and tingling sensation of the skin , itching, red patches on skin, nettle rash,
hair loss, discolouration of the skin
Muscle cramps, back pain, muscle and joint pain Increased need to urinate
Increase or decrease in weight
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
Very rare (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people)
Decreased numbers of white blood cells, decrease in blood platelets which may result in unusual bruising or easy bleeding (red blood cell damage)
Excess sugar in blood (hyperglycaemia)
A disorder of the nerves which can cause weakness, tingling or numbness Swelling of the gums
Abdominal bloating (gastritis)
Abnormal liver function, inflammation of the liver (hepatitis), yellowing of the skin (jaundice), liver enzyme increase which may have an effect on some medical tests
Increased muscle tension
Inflammation of blood vessels, often with skin rash Sensitivity to light
Disorders combining rigidity, tremor, and/or movement disorders
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.
5. How to store Amlodipine Tablets
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
Do not use your tablets after the expiry date stated on the carton or label.
This medicine requires no special precautions for storage. Store tablets in the original package.
Medicinal should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
6. Contents of the pack and other information
What Amlodipine tablet contains
The active substance is amlodipine.
Each Tablet Contains:
Amlodipine Besylate USP
Equivalent to Amlodipine 2.5mg
The other ingredients are microcrystalline cellulose, sodium starch glycollate, sodium acid citrate, magnesium stearate, croscarmellose sodium and crospovidone.
What Amlodipine tablets look like and contents of the pack
Blisters made of aluminium foil with VMCH coating (a carboxyl modified vinyl copolymer) on one side and amber coloured PVC coated PVC foil.
Packs size: 7, 14, 28, 30, 50, 90, 100 and 500 tablets
Not All Packs May Me Be Marketed.
in India by:
TAJ LIFE SCIENCES PVT. LTD.
Unit No. 214, Old Bake House,
Bake House Lane, Fort,
at: Ahmedabad- Gujarat, INDIA.
Ho.NO.+91 8448 444 095
Toll Free Phone: (1800-222-434 / 1800-222-825)